I have recently submitted my PhD thesis at the School of English, University of Leeds. My thesis is entitled ‘Literary and historical representations of Edward II and his favourites, c.1305-1700’.

My research interests are in the field of medieval and early modern English literature, with a broad interest in the representation of transgressive sexual desire and behaviour. I am interested in the textual expression and negotiation of anxiety surrounding sexual transgression, particularly (though not exclusively) love and sex between men. Past research projects, in which I remain interested, have focused on early modern fears of sexually attractive young men; the negotiation of homoerotic subject matter through classical references in late Elizabethan poetry, and the applicability of censorship discourse; and anxieties surrounding potential erotic appropriation of seventeenth-century anatomical texts.

My PhD research (supervised by Professor Paul Hammond) investigates references to Edward II’s close relationships with his male favourites in medieval and early modern England, encompassing chronicle/historical texts, drama, poetry and political writings. Although these texts are frequently brought to bear on debates concerning the sexual and/or romantic nature of Edward II’s relationships with men, they are rarely considered as part of an accumulative, increasingly sensationalised myth surrounding him (which finds expression, for example, in the growth of a historiographical consensus concerning his murder by anal penetration with a red-hot spit). Moreover, analysis of these texts frequently displays anachronistic attitudes regarding the conception of sex (between men or otherwise) in the periods that produced them. My research therefore aims to contextualise these texts within both the historiographical development of Edward II’s story, and a scholarly understanding of the history of sex. Close reading, as my central methodology, will both illuminate influences between texts and facilitate the responsible interrogation of what are frequently ambiguous descriptions. Once completed, the thesis will provide a guide to medieval and early modern perceptions of Edward II’s sexual behaviour that is grounded in and informed by contemporary attitudes.


Book review: ‘John S. Garrison, Friendship and queer theory in the Renaissance: gender and sexuality in early modern England’, The Seventeenth Century 30:4 (2015), pp. 486-488

Conference papers

“‘Amongst Christians not to be named’: the importance of legal idiom to the study of sex between men in early modern England” (Sexing the Past: What is and how to do LGBT history: University of Liverpool, March 2017)

“Politicising and legitimising the minion in Marlowe’s Edward II” (Society for Renaissance Studies biennial conference: University of Glasgow, July 2016)

“Excessive love at the court of Edward II” (International Medieval Congress: University of Leeds, July 2016)

“Personal negotiations of hetero- and cisnormativity in research and teaching” (Academia and Affect: University of Sheffield, June 2016)

“Reading sodomy in the historiography of Edward II” (invited speaker at Approaching the Medieval reading group: University of Cambridge March 2016)

“Is literature LGBT history? The case of Edward II” (What is and how to do LGBT history: University of Manchester/Manchester Metropolitan University, February 2016)

“Medieval languages, modern assumptions: a call for interrogative translation” (What is and how to do LGBT history: Manchester, February 2015)

“The performative body of Edward II” (Society for Renaissance Studies Biennial Conference – Performative Spaces: University of Southampton, July 2014)

“‘Amongst Christians not to be named’: discursive censorship of homosexuality in Elizabethan poetry” (Censorship and Deviance: University of St Andrews, July 2013)

“‘Indecent illustrations’: paratexts and pornographic potentiality in seventeenth-century anatomies”(Erotica, Pornography, and the Obscene in Europe, 1600-1900: University of Warwick, April 2013)

Public engagement

For past media appearances, please see my media page.

I was the Guest Curator of the exhibition For All Time: Shakespeare In Yorkshire at the Treasures of the Brotherton Gallery. Showcasing the Brotherton’s English Literature collection, the exhibition explores Shakespeare’s engagement with English (particularly Yorkshire) history, and the ways in which directors and actors continue to use his work to ask questions about regional identity.

I am an assistant coordinator of the charity York LGBT History Month. I was the lead coordinator from 2016-17, and was the school outreach coordinator from 2014-16.